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Does drug has effects on pregnancy?

This is a question that has been asked so many times. People have answered then according to their opinion.Yet most medications have not been adequately studied for their safety during pregnancy. One report notes that more that 90% of the medications approved by the FDA from 1980 to 2000 had insufficient data to determine safety in pregnancy. Therefore, it is very important to pay special attention to medications you take while you are pregnant, especially during the first trimester, which is a crucial time of development for your baby.            “webMD”

Cannabis used since ancient times Egyptian, Persian, and Scythian influences on Greek culture are well documented reveal that cannabis juice seeds were used as a remedy to treat pregnancy pains, migraines, maintain healthy pregnancies, and prevent miscarriages. treat labor pain, seen in the Middle Eastern countries as well as Southeast Asia, East Asia, South Africa, and Islam nations. Cannabis was used in place of epidurals at a time when these medicines haven’t been developed yet. Epidurals are typically used together with opioids to help mothers deal with the pain of child birth, but they come with side effects such as temporary nerve damage, low blood pressure, loss of bladder control, headaches, slow breathing, itchy skin.

CNN

  • Marijuana use among moms-to-be in California rose from 4.2% to 7.1% between 2009 and 2016, research finds
  • The increase might be "because of the greater legal exposure to marijuana that women have today," one expert says

(CNN) — More pregnant women seem to be using pot -- sometimes to ease the nausea of morning sickness or heightened anxiety -- and a new study suggests that this slight rise in marijuana use is most pronounced among those younger in age.

The prevalence of marijuana use among a sample of moms-to-be in California climbed from 4.2% to 7.1% from 2009 through 2016, according to a research letter published in the journal JAMA on Tuesday.

Among pregnant teens younger than 18, marijuana use climbed from 12.5% to 21.8%, and among women 18 to 24, marijuana use climbed from 9.8% to 19%, the researchers found.

“Based on NCBI- US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health”

This research provides data on the development of 59 Jamaican children, from birth to age 5 years, whose mothers used marijuana during pregnancy. Approximately one-half of the sample used marijuana during pregnancy and were matched with non-users according to age, parity, and socioeconomic status. Testing of the children was done at 1, 3, and 30 days of age with the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scales and at ages 4 and 5 years with the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities. Data about the child's home environment and temperament were collected from direct observations as well as from standardized questionnaires. The results show no significant differences in developmental testing outcomes between children of marijuana-using and non-using mothers except at 30 days of age when the babies of users had more favorable scores on two clusters of the Brazelton Scales: autonomic stability and reflexes. The developmental scores at ages 4 and 5 years were significantly correlated to certain aspects of the home environment and to regularity of basic school (preschool) attendance.

Cannabis growers use pesticides and other chemicals, and obviously if we don’t want these toxins in our food, we don’t want them in our bodies especially when we’re carrying a baby. Perhaps the quality and potency of cannabis today has a role to play. 

Antidepressants During Pregnancy

Antidepressants, serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as paroxetine, are commonly used during pregnancy. about 7 to 23% of pregnant women have depression. For pregnant women, the benefits of treating depression usually outweigh the risks.

Possible side effects

Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing

Anxiety, restlessness, fast heartbeat, fever, sweating, muscle spasms, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, seeing or hearing things that are not there

Bone pain, tenderness, swelling, or bruising

Changes in behavior, thoughts of hurting yourself or others

Confusion, weakness, and muscle twitching

Eye pain, vision changes, seeing halos around lights

Trouble keeping still, feeling restless and agitated, racing thoughts, excessive energy, trouble sleeping

Unusual bleeding or bruising

If a pregnant woman takes antidepressants, the newborn may have withdrawal symptoms (such as irritability and shaking) after delivery. To prevent these symptoms, doctors may gradually reduce the dose of the antidepressant during the 3rd trimester and stop the drug before the baby is born. However, if the woman has significant signs of depression or if symptoms worsen as the dose is reduced, antidepressants should be continued. Depression during pregnancy can lead to postpartum depression, which involves a serious change in mood and requires treatment

We now know it helps with postpartum depression. Postpartum depression affects first year. Postpartum depression is not to be taken lightly, because after all the physical and emotional changes that a mother goes through, adding hopelessness, guilt, and sadness THC is consumed in low doses, it has powerful antidepressant properties. CBD is also an excellent alternative for mothers looking for a safe way to treat postpartum depression without getting high. Expectant mothers and morning sickness can develop into hyperemesis gravidarum (severe or prolonged vomiting) wherein women can lose pregnancy weight. Hyperemesis gravidarum will increase the risk for developing thyroid and liver

Use of common Rx Drugs!

Among the pregnant women, 82.5% were dispensed prescription medication. The most commonly dispensed drugs during pregnancy were: nitrofurantoin (21.6%), metronidazole (19.4%), amoxicillin (18.0%), azithromycin (16.9%), and promethazine (13.5%)

Five of the most common cannabinoids found in marijuana were tested against six clinically relevant strains of MRSA including the scourge of hospitals, EMRSA. The cannabinoids, specifically, Cannabidiol(CBD), Cannabichromene(CBC), Cannabigerol(CBG), Cannabinol(CBN) and Delta nine-tetrahydrocannabinol(THC), were shown to be more effective than Vancomycin, the strongest, last resort antibiotic available.

Cannabis has long been known to have antibacterial properties and was studied in the 1950s as a treatment for tuberculosis and other diseases. But research into using cannabis as an antibiotic has been limited by poor knowledge of the plant’s active ingredients and by the controversy surrounding its use as a recreational drug.

Common Substance used by some mothers..

Caffeine during pregnancy

Some experts recommend limiting coffee consumption and drinking decaffeinated beverages when possible.

Aspartame during pregnancy

Aspartame, an artificial sweetener, appears to be safe during pregnancy when it is consumed in small amounts, such as in amounts used in normal portions of artificially sweetened foods and beverages. For example, pregnant women should consume no more than 1 liter of diet soda a day.

Pregnant women with phenylketonuria, an unusual disorder, should not consume any aspartame.

Cocaine during pregnancy anesthetic

Cocaine taken during pregnancy may cause the blood vessels that carry blood to the uterus and placenta to narrow (constrict). Then, less oxygen and fewer nutrients reach the fetus.

Opioids during pregnancy

Opioids, such as heroin, methadone, and morphine, readily cross the placenta. Consequently, the fetus may become addicted to them and may have withdrawal symptoms 6 hours to 8 days after birth. However, use of opioids rarely results in birth defects.

Babies of heroin users are more likely to be small.

Marijuana during pregnancy

Whether use of marijuana during pregnancy can harm the fetus is unclear. The main component of marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinol, can cross the placenta and thus may affect the fetus. However, marijuana does not appear to increase the risk of birth defects or to slow the growth of the fetus.

Marijuana does not cause behavioral problems in the newborn unless it is used heavily during pregnancy.

Social Drugs During Pregnancy

Cigarette (tobacco) smoking during pregnancy

Although cigarette smoking harms both pregnant women and their fetus, only about 20% of women who smoke are able to quit during pregnancy.

Drinking alcohol during pregnancy is the leading known cause of birth defects. Because the amount of alcohol required to cause fetal alcohol syndrome is unknown

YOUTUBE LINK

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nrN26wexn44&feature=youtu.be

On the other hand, a 2015 study published in Scientific Reports revealed that infants whose mothers used cannabis during pregnancy may have superior mental, emotional, intellectual, inner, nonphysical, cerebral, brain development.

While we need more conclusive evidence, pregnant women who want to use cannabis during pregnancy should use their own judgment call. Talk to supportive doctors who are well-versed in cannabis and look for a support group if needed. Do the research until you feel confidently that the decision you are making is the correct one for you and your baby.

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